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3D positioning scheme exploiting nano-scale IR-UWB orthogonal pulses

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Author(s): Kim Nammoon | Kim Youngok

Journal: Nanoscale Research Letters
ISSN 1931-7573

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 544;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: 3D positioning | nano-scale pulse | UWB | orthogonality | impulse radio

ABSTRACT
Abstract In these days, the development of positioning technology for realizing ubiquitous environments has become one of the most important issues. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a well-known positioning scheme, but it is not suitable for positioning in in-door/building environments because it is difficult to maintain line-of-sight condition between satellites and a GPS receiver. To such problem, various positioning methods such as RFID, WLAN, ZigBee, and Bluetooth have been developed for indoor positioning scheme. However, the majority of positioning schemes are focused on the two-dimension positioning even though three-dimension (3D) positioning information is more useful especially in indoor applications, such as smart space, U-health service, context aware service, etc. In this paper, a 3D positioning system based on mutually orthogonal nano-scale impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) signals and cross array antenna is proposed. The proposed scheme uses nano-scale IR-UWB signals providing fine time resolution and high-resolution multiple signal specification algorithm for the time-of-arrival and the angle-of-arrival estimation. The performance is evaluated over various IEEE 802.15.4a channel models, and simulation results show the effectiveness of proposed scheme.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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