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7q36 deletion and 9p22 duplication: effects of a double imbalance

Author(s): Pelegrino Karla de | Sugayama Sofia | Catelani Ana | Lezirovitz Karina | Kok Fernando | Chauffaille Maria de

Journal: Molecular Cytogenetics
ISSN 1755-8166

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Developmental delay | 7q deletion | 9p duplication | aCGH array

Abstract The etiology of mental retardation/developmental delay (MRDD) remains a challenge to geneticists and clinicians and can be correlated to environmental and genetic factors. Chromosomal aberrations are common causes of moderate to severe mental retardation and may represent 10% of these occurrences. Here we report the case of a boy with development delay, hypoplasia of corpus callosum, microcephaly, muscular hypotonia, and facial dysmorphisms. A deletion of 7q36.1 → 36.3 and duplication of 9p22.3 → 23 was detected as a result of an unbalanced translocation of paternal origin. Breakpoint delimitation was achieved with array comparative genomic hybridization assay. Additional multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analyzes confirmed one copy loss of 7q36.3 region and one copy gain of 9p24.3 region. Patient resultant phenotype is consistent with the already described findings for both 7q deletion and 9p duplication syndromes.
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