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Abertura, comércio intra-indústria e desigualdade de rendimentos: uma análise para a indústria de transformação brasileira

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Author(s): Maria de Fátima Sales de Souza Campos | Álvaro Barrantes Hidalgo | Daniel Da Mata

Journal: Nova Economia
ISSN 0103-6351

Volume: 17;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 275;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: international trade | wage inequalities | manufacturing industry | panel data

ABSTRACT
This paper investigates the impacts of the trade opening and the intra-industry trade on wage inequalities between qualified and less qualified workers in the Brazilian manufacturing industry through a model of intra-industry trade. Twenty-two kinds of Brazilian manufacturing industry during the period from 1992-2001 were examined,onthe leveloftwo andthree digits of the "Classificação Nacional de Atividades Econômicas "(National Classification of Economic Activities). The main conclusion was that the magnifying of income inequalities between qualified and less qualified workers was strongly influenced by the intensification of intra-industry trade and that separating intra-industry trade from inter-industry trade is fundamental for a better understanding of the effects of international trade on therelativeincomeofskilled workersin the Brazilian manufacturing industry.
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