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Academic achievement of students tutored by near-peers

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Author(s): Olle ten Cate | Irene van de Vorst | Sjoukje van den Broek

Journal: International Journal of Medical Education
ISSN 2042-6372

Volume: 3;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: near-peer teaching | academic achievement | medical students

ABSTRACT
Objectives: To compare the academic achievement of medical students tutored by near-peers and medical students tutored by faculty. Methods: A retrospective comparison study was conducted. In a total of 36 courses, 24 medical student groups were tutored by either faculty members or near-peers, from 2005 to 2010. To compare academic achievement students we used the test scores for individual courses and a combined overall standardized score for all courses together. Results: A total of 1201 and 8722 students were tutored by near-peers and faculty members, respectively. Of 36 courses, the mean test scores of five courses were higher for faculty members tutoring and the mean test scores of 29 courses were higher for near-peers tutoring. Additional analysis of standardized test scores showed that students who were tutored by peers outperformed students who were tutored by faculty members (t[sub](9921)[/sub] =5.345, P
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