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Access to Mathematics by Blind Students: A Global Problem

Author(s): Arthur I. Karshmer | Daryoush D. Farsi

Journal: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
ISSN 1690-4532

Volume: 5;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 77;
Date: 2007;
Original page

The issue of blindness and legally blind is becoming a global issue. Based on the last statistics from American Foundation for the blind, there are approximately 10 million blind and visually impaired people in the United States alone. Over 45 million people around the world are completely blind. 180 million more people are legally blind, and approximately 7 million people are diagnosed as blind or legally blind every year. One of the greatest stumbling blocks in the ability of the blind to enter careers in science, technology, engineering or mathematics is the paucity of tools to help them read and write equations. Over the years there have been numerous projects around the world with the goal of building special tools to help the visually impaired student read and write equations. In the current work, we describe some of the most interesting work in this domain and then attempt to make recommendations and/or predictions about the future.
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