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Accumulation Characteristics of Some Elements in the Moss Polytrichum commune (Bryophytes) Based on XRF Spectrometry

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Author(s): Rudolf Šoltés | Eva Gregušková

Journal: Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN 2152-2197

Volume: 04;
Issue: 06;
Start page: 522;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Bioindication | Polytrichum commune | The West Carpathians | Elemental Accumulation | XRF Spectrometry

ABSTRACT
Bryophytes are broadly used as bioindicators. However, the internal distribution of accumulated elements in the moss tissue is little known. Sampling was carried out in The West Carpathians, Slovakia, in autumn 2012. Seven replicates have been used. The samples were analyzed by XRF Spectrometer Delta Classic. S, Pb, K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ba and Zn were determined. For ordination analysis we used principal component analysis, statistical graphics system STATISTICA have been used for the correlation analysis and for analysis of variance. Results show that sulphur, zinc, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, kalcium and copper are preferentially accumulated in the capsula. While lead favors gametophyte, potassium and strontium prefer accumulation in sporophyte. Iron significantly accumulates in the more-year segments, while zinc in the stems. Copper, chromium and sulphur are accumulated preferentially in The Fatra Mts.
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