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The accuracy of land form presentation in forest road Cross sections

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Author(s): Stefanović Bogdan | Aleksić Velimir

Journal: Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta
ISSN 0353-4537

Volume: 2002;
Issue: 85;
Start page: 91;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: forest roads | cross section | soil masses

ABSTRACT
Accurate presentation of natural land forms directly affects the accuracy of earth volume calculation, the component of technical documentation of the forest road master project. Consistent to legal provisions, forest road master project is characterised by high accuracy of the planned scope of works compared to the realised scope of works, which should amount to ±3%. The volume of earth material is calculated based on the road cross-sectional area and the distance between the cross sections. The accuracy of the area of cross sections depends on the accuracy of land form presentation Accurate presentation of natural land forms depends on a great number of factors, the most significant of which are the methods of surveying and acquisition of data necessary for land form presentation, preciseness of equipment and instruments used in surveying and acquisition of data, and the method of land form presentation. The accuracy of earth material volume calculation depends on the method of computation, method of presentation of natural and artificial cross sections, and the phase of design. The presentation of natural land form in the width occupied by roadway cross section depends on the validity of the obtained station point elevation (Ht) and the elevations of detailed points (Hi). A relevant factor of the accuracy of cross sectional area, compared to its other elements, is the accuracy of the depth of cut or the height of fill (h) which should agree with the required accuracy, i.e. the adopted tolerance of the earthwork bill of quantities deviation up to 3%.
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