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Acid Rain Examination and Chemical Composition of Atmospheric Precipitation in Tehran, Iran

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Author(s): Mohsen Saeedi | Seyed Pejvak Pajooheshfar

Journal: EnvironmentAsia
ISSN 1906-1714

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: wet deposition | heavy metals | acid rain | chemical composition | Tehran

ABSTRACT
Air pollution is one of the most important environmental problems in metropolitan cities like Tehran. Rain and snow, as natural events, may dissolve and absorb contaminants of the air and direct them onto the land or surface waters which become polluted. In the present study, precipitation samples were collected from an urbanized area of Tehran. They were analyzed for NO3-, PO43-, SO42-, pH, turbidity, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Cu, Fe, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cr, and Al. We demonstrate that snow samples were often more polluted and had lower pH than those from the rain, possibly as an effect of adsorption capability of snow flakes. Volume weighted average concentrations were calculated and compared with some other studies. Results revealed that Tehran's precipitations are much more polluted than those reported from other metropolitan cities. Cluster analysis revealed that studied parameters such as metals and acidity originated from the same sources, such as fuel combustion in residential and transportation sectors of Tehran.
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