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An Actinide Dependent Shadow Biosphere of Archaea and Viroids in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Author(s): Ravikumar Kurup A. | Parameswara Achutha Kurup

Journal: Advances in Natural Science
ISSN 1715-7862

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 52;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Schizophrenia | Autism | Primary seizure disorder | Archaea | Viroids | Cholesterol | Actinide

Objective: Endogenous digoxin has been related to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, autism and primary seizure disorder. The possibility of endogenous digoxin synthesis by actinide based primitive organism like archaea with a mevalonate pathway and cholesterol catabolism was considered.Methods: 10 cases each of schizophrenia, autism and primary seizure disorder before starting treatment and 10 age and sex matched healthy controls from general population were chosen for the study. Cholesterol substrate was added to the plasma of the patients and the generation of cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids were studied. The changes with the addition of antibiotics and rutile to the patient’s plasma were also studied. The statistical analysis was done by ANOVA.Results: The parameters mentioned above were increased the patient’s plasma with addition of cholesterol substrate. The addition of antibiotics to the patient’s plasma caused a decrease in all the parameters while addition of rutile increased their levels. Conclusion: An actinide dependent shadow biosphere of archaea and viroids is described in schizophrenia, autism and primary seizure disorder contributing to their pathogenesis.Key words: Schizophrenia; Autism; Primary seizure disorder; Archaea; Viroids; Cholesterol; Actinide
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