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Acyanotic congenital heart disease: Review of 109 cases

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Author(s): Roodpeyma Sh | Tahani Kh

Journal: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN 2008-2142

Volume: 9;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 199;
Date: 1999;
Original page

ABSTRACT
During a period of 8 years (1988-1995) 190 children with congenital heart disease were admitted at Taleqani general hospital in Tehran. 109 patients (57.5%) had acyanotic heart disease. 59 (54%) of them were boys and 50 (40%) girls. 11% of patients were newborns, 42% under one year and 72% under 5 years of age. The most common anomalies consisted of VSD 50%, PDA 14.6%, ECD 13.7%, VSD+PDA 5.5%, AS 5.5% and PS 3.7%. Female: Male ratio in patients with PDA or VSD+PDA was 2:1, all the patients with AS were males. The most common complications that brought the patients to hospital consisted of congestive heart failure 66%, pneumonia 35.8%, failure to thrive 16.5%, infectious endocarditis 15.6%, and pulmonary hypertension 12.8%. 11 children (10%) had down syndrome, majority of whom suffered from ECD. 11 patients died, all of them being under one year of age. This study showed no significant difference with respect to rate of incidence, sex ratio and complications of acyanotic congenital heart disease compared with similar studies published from other parts of the world

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