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The Additional Criterion for the Determination of the Time of Minimum of a Solar Cycle

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Author(s): Habibullo I. Abdussamatov

Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
ISSN 1942-0730

Volume: 02;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 128;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Sun | Solar Cycle | Solar Cycle Minimum | TSI | Sunspot Activity

ABSTRACT
The sunspot number is becoming an increasingly insufficiently reliable parameter for the determination of the time of minimum of a solar cycle during the prolonged and deep minimum of the 23rd solar cycle. Moreover, the sunspot number does not quantitatively reflect physical processes and is a practically conventional qualitative “noisy” parameter. Introduction of an additional criterion for the determination of the time of minimum of a solar cycle is becoming particularly topical due to the upcoming common descent of the level of the 2-secular cycle, when the amplitude of sunspot activity variation will sequentially decrease during several subsequent cycles (after the 23rd cycle). We propose the adoption of the smoothed minimal level of the total solar irradiance (TSI) as an additional physically justified criterion for the determination of the time of minimum of a solar cycle during the minimum of sunspot activity. The minimal level of the monthly average values of the TSI smoothed for 13 months when the last two of its values exceed the preceding value at the point of minimum will additionally indicate the time of minimum of a cycle. The additional criterion has been successfully used for the determination of the time of minima of the preceding 21st and 22nd cycles.
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