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Advanced SMART Automobile Safety Information System

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Author(s): M.Sudharshan Reddy#1, M.Sreenivasulu *2 , Sudhakar#3Chakrapani

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology
ISSN 2231-5381

Volume: 4;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 3154;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: MEMS | Accelerometer | GSM module | GPS device | Microcontroller | temperature | CO | Ultrasonic sensor.

ABSTRACT
The following paper is to develop an Advanced SMART Automobile Safety Information System. By using MEMS accelerometer and GPS tracking system we can get the information of accidental occurrence through GSM module. MEMS is a Micro electro mechanical sensor which is a high sensitive sensor and capable of detecting the tilt. The device is capable of performing all the tilt functions like forward, reverse, left and right directions. The system consists of cooperative components of an accelerometer, microcontroller unit, GPS device,GSM module, Ultrasonic sensor and CO/temperature sensor. During the occurrence of any accident, this wireless device will send a short massage to mobile phone indicating the position of vehicle by tracing the location of the vehicle through GPS system to family member, emergency medical service (EMS) and nearest hospital. The speed of the motor cycle and threshold algorithm are used to determine fall or accident in real-time. Apart from this we are also using temperature sensor and CO sensor which are interfaced to the micro controller for monitoring the CO & Temperature parameters. With the help of temperature sensor we can measure amount of temperature exhausted from the vehicle. CO sensor will sense the amount of CO gas emitted from the vehicle. Whenever the CO gas or temperature level exceeds the threshold limit then the motor of the vehicle will be stopped. Ultrasonic sensor in the module is used to detect any obstacle in the surroundings of the vehicle and intimates the microcontroller and the controller calculates the distance between the vehicles and if the distance reaches predetermined set point, then the vehicle stops automatically.

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