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Adverse Conditions and ASR Techniques for Robust Speech User Interface

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Author(s): Urmila Shrawankar | Dr. Vilas Thakare

Journal: International Journal of Computer Science Issues
ISSN 1694-0784

Volume: 8;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 440;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Human Factors | Prosody parameters | Environment Conditions | Environment parameters | environment-independent ASR | ASR Techniques | IJCSI

ABSTRACT
The main motivation for Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) is efficient interfaces to computers, and for the interfaces to be natural and truly useful, it should provide coverage for a large group of users. The purpose of these tasks is to further improve man-machine communication. ASR systems exhibit unacceptable degradations in performance when the acoustical environments used for training and testing the system are not the same. The goal of this research is to increase the robustness of the speech recognition systems with respect to changes in the environment. A system can be labeled as environment-independent if the recognition accuracy for a new environment is the same or higher than that obtained when the system is retrained for that environment. Attaining such performance is the dream of the researchers. This paper elaborates some of the difficulties with Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR). These difficulties are classified into Speakers characteristics and environmental conditions, and tried to suggest some techniques to compensate variations in speech signal. This paper focuses on the robustness with respect to speakers variations and changes in the acoustical environment. We discussed several different external factors that change the environment and physiological differences that affect the performance of a speech recognition system followed by techniques that are helpful to design a robust ASR system
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