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Age and gender differences in Body Mass Index, ocular, and back disorders in 8-12-year old children

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Author(s): FÉLIX ZURITA ORTEGA | MAR CEPERO GONZÁLEZ | LUÍS RUIZ RODRÍGUEZ | DANIEL LINARES GIRELA | JAVIER CACHÓN ZAGALAZ | FÉLIX ZURITA MOLINA

Journal: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
ISSN 1988-5202

Volume: 6;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 657;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: BMI | OBESITY | SCHOOL HEALTH | SPINE | SCOLIOSIS | HYPERKYPHOSIS | MYOPIA

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to determine levels of body mass index, spinal alterations, and ocular myopia in the Primary school population of the province of Granada (Spain) as well as any possible sex and age related variations. Two thousand nine hundred fifty-six children [1,481 boys (50.1%) and 1,475 girls (49.9%)] aged 9.61±1.21 years (8-12) from 19 schools in the province of Granada, took part in this study. The body height and body mass were measured and body mass index was calculated as general anthropometric parameters. Adams Test and Snellen’s E test were used to detect spine alterations and visual acuity respectively. The results showed that 26.3% of the children were overweight or obese, 24.5% had spinal disorders (16% scoliosis and 8.5% hyperkyphosis; p
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