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AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PRESENT AND FUTURE

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Author(s): Simion CERTAN | Ion CERTAN

Journal: Scientific Papers Series : Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
ISSN 2284-7995

Volume: 12;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 65;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: agriculture | resource | efficiency | internal market | export | import | agricultural policies

ABSTRACT
Agriculture was and still is the most important source for human being and, thus, constitutes the strongest factor for economic development harmonization in any country. Agriculture is the key branch of economy in Moldova. Weather conditions together with the available land resources could assure the growth of any kind of plant, excepting tropical and subtropical ones. The development of this branch could be also influenced by number of persons employed in agriculture. Another important factor is the number and quality of tractors or other agricultural equipment that, according to the latest specialized research, is completely deteriorated – 20% and partially 60-70% out of total number. These underline the outdated technologies and necessity of massive investments in fixed assets that automatically will increase the final price of local production above the imported ones. Meanwhile each country, including Moldova, dreams to be self-sufficient in terms of assuring of internal market with agri-food products and export the surplus. Small size of internal market of our country creates good premises for export but the share of agri-food products registered the continue decrease from 63% in 2001 to 44% in 2010. Thus current situation in agriculture of Republic of Moldova impose the necessity of major changes in respective policies that will be consider in this article.
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