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AGRO-METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE CULTIVATION OF AUTUMN WHEAT IN SOUTH DOBRUDJA

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Author(s): Liliana Panaitescu | Marius Lungu | Simona Niţa

Journal: Present Environment and Sustainable Development
ISSN 1843-5971

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 169;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: autumn wheat | air temperature | atmospheric precipitations

ABSTRACT
The importance and evolution of wheat crops in Dobrogea. In Dobrogea, wheat is an old crop, a fact attested by old and new discoveries in Constanta (Tomis), Mangalia (Callatis), Harsova (Carsium) and other ancient settlements. The coins of the old towns of Dobrogea, dating back to the 4 th century BC, bore wheat ears on them, which proves that the existence of these settlements was mainly connected to the wheat trade, a plant that represented both the product and the main commodity of the inhabitants. Carbonized wheat grains were found during the archaeological diggings at the Roman mosaic edifice in Constanta, which dates back to the 3 rd and 4 th centuries AD. After Dobrogea had become a migration and invasion route for many peoples, as well as the background for devastating wars, the descriptions on this province were scarce. Ion Ionescu de la Brad, in his paper “Excursion agricole dans la plaine de la Dobrodjia,“ shows the extensive character of agriculture in Dobrogea at that time, which was characterized by “little use of the plough, a lot of pasture and scarce population.”

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