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AGRONOMICAL AND MOLECULAR EVALUATION OF ACCESSIONS FROM MAIZE CORE COLLECTION, SUBGROUP FLINT ENDOSPERM

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Author(s): DÉA ALECIA MARTINS NETTO | ISABEL REGINA PRAZERES DE SOUZA | ANTÔNIO CARLOS DE OLIVEIRA | CÉSAR AUGUSTO BRASIL PEREIRA PINTO | RAMIRO VILELA DE ANDRADE

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo
ISSN 1676-689X

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 92;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: germplasm: morpho-agronomical characterization | AFLP | genetic diversity

ABSTRACT
The utilization efficiency of maize germplasm accessions that consist of a core collection can be incremented using molecular and morpho-agronomical characteristics, getting more detailed descriptions about these accessions. The objective of this work was to valorize maize core collection, sub-group endosperm flint of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), through the use of morphological descriptors and AFLP molecular markers. Fifty-eight accessions from the core collection were used, thirty-two morphoagronomical descriptors considered, and six AFLP primers combinations were tested to obtain the genetic patterns. The most contributions of morpho-agronomical variables for core collection genetic divergence were grain thousand weight (31.0%), ear height (21.7%) and ear weight (16.4%). The core collection principal component analysis was done with 14 morphoagronomical variables and indicated that variance accumulated by the first three components was 70.57%. The six primers AFLP combinations used in 58 accessions generated 207 bands, with 32.8 polymorphic bands average. Dendrograms of core collection showed similar general structure and did not indicate homogeneous group formation. The observed allele number average was 1.95, allele effective number average was 1.47 and the heterosigosity (h), (Nei’s index of genetic diversity) used for polymorphic information content evaluation was 0.28. Molecular characterization allowed valorization of each accession, indicating new information on the core collection genetic structure, and confirming high variability among accessions.
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