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Air-borne contact dermatitis caused exclusively by xanthium strumarium

Author(s): Pasricha J | Verma Kaushal | D′Souza Pascal

Journal: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
ISSN 0378-6323

Volume: 61;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 354;
Date: 1995;
Original page

Keywords: Contact dermatitis | Plants | Parthenium hysterophorus | Xanthium strumarium

Most cases having air-borne contact dermatitis (ABCD) in India are considered to be caused by Parthenium hysterophorus. In some cases however, other plants have also been noticed to give positive patch test reactions. We are reporting two cases presenting as ABCD who showed positive patch tests with Xanthium strumarium while the patch tests with Parthenium hysterophorus were negative. It is therefore necessary to realise that every case of ABCD is not caused by Parthenium, and patch testing with Parthenium alone can lead to serious mistakes.
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