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Albian - Cenomanian resedimented limestone in the Lower flyschoid Formation of the Mt. Mrzli Vrh Area (Tolmin region, NW Slovenia)

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Author(s): Boštjan Rožič

Journal: Geologija
ISSN 0016-7789

Volume: 48;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 193;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: Middle Cretaceous | resedimented carbonates | Lower flyschoid formation | Slovenian basin | Tolmin Nappe | Slovenia

ABSTRACT
The Lower flyschoid formation of the Slovenian Basin is characterized by marl, shale and subordinate chert, interbedded with micritic limestone and resedimented carbonates.In the upper part of the formation marly and micritic limestones commonly prevail. The maximum range of the formation is Albian to Turonian. Contact with underlying successions is always erosional and the formation usually overlies upper Tithonian to NeocomianBiancone limestone. In the Mt. Mrzli vrh area, the formation is composed of upper Albian to lower Cenomanian resedimented limestone and upper Cenomanian to Turonian shale and marl, marly limestone and cherts. It directly overlies Lower Jurassic basinal successionor Upper Triassic platform dolomite. In this study resedimented carbonates of the formation were analyzed. A two km2 area was mapped and an 80m thick Mt. Grmuč section was studied in detail. This section consists of micritic limestone and abundant breccia andcalcarenite. Whereas the calcarenite is predominantly composed of platform-derived material, the breccia consists of slope-to-basin intraclasts and various extraclasts of older platform and basin deposits. The analyzed facies association indicates a lower slopedepositional environment. A correlation with other successions of the Lower flyschoid formation reveals that resedimented carbonates are the thickest and most abundant in the Tolmin region, that paleogeographically corresponds to the western part of the SlovenianBasin. Intense Albian – Cenomanian tectonic activity is inferable regionally, from platform as well as basinal successions, and is thought to have been the major factor causing andcontrolling the carbonate gravity-flows sedimentation in the Slovenian Basin. The Mt. Mrzli vrh area is important for paleotopographic reconstruction because it links thecentral Slovenian Basin with the margin of the Dinaric Carbonate Platform. The observed lateral facies distribution, the composition of lithoclasts and variable degree of erosion between the Lower flyschoid formation and underlying beds indicate a steep, faultboundedslope, along which older platform and basinal succession were eroded.
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