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Alterations in TP53, cyclin D2, c-Myc, p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1 expression associated with progression in B-CLL

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Author(s): Antosz Halina | Paterski Artur | Marzec-Kotarska Barbara | Sajewicz Joanna | DmoszyƱska Anna

Journal: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
ISSN 0239-8508

Volume: 48;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 534;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: B-CLL | c-Myc | TP-53 | cyclin D2 | p27KIP1

ABSTRACT
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) originates from B lymphocytes that may differ in the activationlevel, maturation state or cellular subgroups in peripheral blood. Tumour progression in CLL B cells seems to result in gradualaccumulation of the clone of resting B lymphocytes in the early phases (G0/G1) of the cell cycle. The G1 phase isimpaired in B-CLL. We investigated the gene expression of five key cell cycle regulators: TP 53, c-Myc, cyclin D2,p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1, which primarily regulate the G1 phase of the cell cycle, or S-phase entry and ultimately controlthe proliferation and cell growth as well as their role in B-CLL progression. The study was conducted in peripheral bloodCLL lymphocytes of 40 previously untreated patients. Statistical analysis of correlations of TP53, cyclin D2, c-Myc,p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1 expressions in B-CLL patients with different Rai stages demonstrated that the progression of diseasewas accompanied by increases in p53, cyclin D2 and c-Myc mRNA expression. The expression of p27KIP1 was nearlystatistically significant whereas that of p21 WAF1/CIP1 showed no such correlation. Moreover, high expression levels of TP53and c-Myc genes were found to be closely associated with more aggressive forms of the disease requiring earlier therapy.
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