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Alternative cereal grains and cereal by-products as sources of energy in poultry diets- A review

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Author(s): C. I. Medugu, | A. O. Raji, | J. U. Igwebuike | E. Barwa

Journal: Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences
ISSN 2221-1896

Volume: 1;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 530;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Poultry | Alternative Cereal Grains | Cereal By-Products | Energy Sources

ABSTRACT
The increase in the world population, high cost of conventional animal feed ingredients and low protein intake in most developing countries has necessitated animal scientists to search for alternative sources of feed ingredients. This can enhance the production of animals with short generation intervals such as poultry to overcome the protein deficiency. This paper reviews cereal grains and cereal by-products as alternative feed ingredients for formulating poultry diets. Results obtained from various sources indicate that diets formulated with alternative cereal grains and cereal by-products had no adverse effects on body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio and carcass quality of broiler chickens, cockerels and egg quality of laying hens. Inclusion of different levels of brewers’ dried grain, maize offal, rice bran and broken rice are quite acceptable in poultry diets. Therefore, sorghum, millet, maize offal, rice bran and wheat offal, millet bran, spent sorghum grain and broken rice could be recommended as alternative sources of feed ingredients in poultry diets.
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