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Amelogenesis imperfecta: Report of a case and review of literature

Author(s): Chaudhary Mayur | Dixit Shweta | Singh Asha | Kunte Sanket

Journal: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
ISSN 0973-029X

Volume: 13;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 70;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Amelogenesis imperfecta | enamel | dental | genetic | inherited

Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a diverse collection of inherited diseases that exhibit quantitative or qualitative tooth enamel defects in the absence of systemic manifestations. Also known by varied names such as Hereditary enamel dysplasia, Hereditary brown enamel, Hereditary brown opalescent teeth, this defect is entirely ectodermal, since mesodermal components of the teeth are basically normal. The AI trait can be transmitted by either autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked modes of inheritance. Genes implicated in autosomal forms are genes encoding enamel matrix proteins, namely: enamelin and ameloblastin, tuftelin, MMP-20 and kallikrein - 4. This article presents a case reported to Dr. D. Y. Patil, Dental College and Hospital, Pune, India, along with a review of this often seen clinical entity.

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