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Aminoglycoside-free interventional antibiotic management in patients undergoing haemopoietic stem cell transplantation

Author(s): Krüger, William H. | Kiefer, Thomas | Daeschlein, Georg | Steinmetz, Ivo | Kramer, Axel | Dölken, Gottfried

Journal: GMS Krankenhaushygiene Interdisziplinär
ISSN 1863-5245

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: Doc06;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: high-dose therapy | stem cell transplantation | conditioning therapy | neutropenia | infection

The position of aminoglycosides within interventional antibiosis in the early phase after stem cell transplantation has not been fully clarified so far although their use can induce serious renal impairment. To investigate this question early-infection data from 152 patients undergoing 195 allogeneic and autologous stem cell transplantations were investigated. Prophylaxis and treatment of infections followed international standards; however, aminoglycosides were omitted to avoid additional risks such as ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity and increased selection of resistant pathogens. Costs were another aspect. The overall-incidence of infections was 78% (152/195) and 67 patients showed more than one episode of infection. Fever of unknown origin and bacteriaemia/septicaemia dominated the spectrum of infections. The overall-response to interventional regimen consisting of β-lactam or carbapenem plus glycopeptides was 48%. Aminoglycosides were given in three patients in the late course of disease. Overall mortality was 15/195 (7.7%) and clearly related to infection in nine cases mostly due to mould infection. A comparison with previous published literature showed no hint for inferiority of ‘aminoglycoside-free’ antibiotic management in stem cell transplant patients. In conclusion, the present analysis supports the policy to omit aminoglycosides in the therapy of early infections in patients undergoing stem cell transplantation to avoid additional toxicity.
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