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Amorphous nanosilica induce endocytosis-dependent ROS generation and DNA damage in human keratinocytes

Author(s): Nabeshi Hiromi | Yoshikawa Tomoaki | Matsuyama Keigo | Nakazato Yasutaro | Tochigi Saeko | Kondoh Sayuri | Hirai Toshiro | Akase Takanori | Nagano Kazuya | Abe Yasuhiro | Yoshioka Yasuo | Kamada Haruhiko | Itoh Norio | Tsunoda Shin-ichi | Tsutsumi Yasuo

Journal: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
ISSN 1743-8977

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract Background Clarifying the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials is crucial for hazard assessment and the safe application of these substances. With this in mind, we analyzed the relationship between particle size and the in vitro effect of amorphous nanosilica (nSP). Specifically, we evaluated the relationship between particle size of nSP and the in vitro biological effects using human keratinocyte cells (HaCaT). Results Our results indicate that exposure to nSP of 70 nm diameter (nSP70) induced an elevated level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to DNA damage. A markedly reduced response was observed using submicron-sized silica particles of 300 and 1000 nm diameter. In addition, cytochalasin D-treatment reduced nSP70-mediated ROS generation and DNA damage, suggesting that endocytosis is involved in nSP70-mediated cellular effects. Conclusions Thus, particle size affects amorphous silica-induced ROS generation and DNA damage of HaCaT cells. We believe clarification of the endocytosis pathway of nSP will provide useful information for hazard assessment as well as the design of safer forms of nSPs.
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