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Anaesthetic management of patients with congenital heart disease presenting for non-cardiac surgery.

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Author(s): Mohindra R | Beebe David | Belani Kumar

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 15;
Date: 2002;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The incidence of congenital heart disease is about one percent of all live births in the United States. Treatment is being performed at a younger age and these children are showing improved survival. It is not unusual for children with congenital heart disease to present for non-cardiac surgery. Their management depends on their age, type of lesion, extent of corrective procedure, the presence of complications and other congenital anomalies. Each patient needs a detailed pre-operative evaluation to understand the abnormal anatomy and physiology, and related anaesthetic implications. No anaesthetic agent is an absolute contraindication, although drugs beneficial for one lesion may be detrimental for another. Regional anaesthesia has also been safely used in children with congenital heart disease. However the anaesthesiologist must have a detailed understanding of the pathophysiology of the lesion and the pharmacology of drugs being used to be able to provide safe anaesthesia for children with congenital heart disease.
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