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Análisis retrospectivo (2009-2010) de las alteraciones dermatológicas, óticas y oftalmológicas con diagnóstico clínico presuntivo de micosis en caninos y felinos

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Author(s): Adriana del Pilar Pulido-Villamarin | Melva Yomary Linares-Linares | Rubiela Castañeda-Salazar | Carolina Gutiérrez-Granados | Moises Aranda-Silva | Milton Januario Rueda Varon

Journal: Universitas Scientiarum
ISSN 0122-7483

Volume: 16;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 272;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: canines | felines | dermatophytes | Malassezia | Candida

ABSTRACT
A retrospective analysis (2009-2010) of the dermatological, ear and ophtalmological alterations with presumptive clinical diagnosisof mycosis in canines and felines. Objective. To determine the prevalence of dermatological, ear and ophthalmological alterationsclinically presumptive to be caused by fungi and to analyze their occurrence demographically. Materials and methods. We carriedout a retrospective study in a clinic in Bogota for small animals. We reviewed the medical histories of patients who requested medicalappointments due to dermatological, ear and ophtalmological alterations in 2009 and 2010. Results. In the assessed period, the prevalenceof dermatological alterations in dogs was of 7.8%, 4.2% of ear alterations and of 3.3% of ophtalmological alterations. The main etiologicalsuspects through clinical diagnosis were: dermatophytes with an incidence of 86.9% among dermatological alterations, Malasseziawith an 86.5% of incidence in ear alterations, and Candida with 83.3% of incidence in ophtalmological alterations. Statistical analysisof variables showed no association with symptoms or clinically diagnosed etiological agents, but the categorized evaluation showedassociations of races and ages with the etiologies through clinical diagnosis. The diagnosis of fungal etiologies was accomplished in mostcases by clinical findings and less frequently by skin scrapings and ear cytology; in none of the cases a mycological culture was done.The feline population showed no dermatological, ear or ophtalmological alterations compatible with a fungal etiology. Conclusion. In canines, the prevalence of dermatological alterations clinically compatible with dermatophytes was of 86.9%; ear alterations associated with Malassezia were of 86.5%; and ophtalmological alterations Candida-suspected were 83.3%. Final diagnoses were accomplished with the help of clinical findings without following standard diagnostic methodologies such as cultivation.
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