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Analyse de la d├ęcision contractuelle des producteurs du lait en Tunisie

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Author(s): Zaibet, L. | Salem, HB. | Bachta, MS.

Journal: Tropicultura
ISSN 0771-3312

Volume: 23;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 154;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: Milk collection | Contracts | Transaction costs | Tunisia

ABSTRACT
Analysis of the Contracting Decision of Milk Producers in Tunisia. The market is considered to be the best way of coordinating economic activities. Market imperfections however seem to justify the development of contracts between producers of the primary products (say milk) and collectors or milk processing units. In the present study the contract system between these different actors is analyzed in two main production regions (Beja and Jendouba) in Tunisia. Our main hypothesis is that producers choose to contract with milk collection centers in order to reduce transaction costs. Indeed, sales of milk raise high costs of transactions due to exante evaluation problems. This study aims at analyzing the contract decision by farmers to identify factors favoring contracting or not to contract with collection centers. The importance of the study stems from the value given to the contract system to resolve problems of irregularity and seasonality of milk supplies as well as the current efforts to improve the quality of milk.
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