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Analyse des contraintes au développement de la production porcine au Cameroun

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Author(s): Ndébi, G. | Kamajou, J. | Ongla, J.

Journal: Tropicultura
ISSN 0771-3312

Volume: 27;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 70;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Technical knowledge | Herd management | Production performances | Constraints | Development | Cameroon

ABSTRACT
Analysis of Constraints to the Development of Pig Production in Cameroon. In order to identify the major constraints to the development of pig production in Cameroon, an evaluation of socioeconomic and technical characteristics was carried out between march and september 2005 on 645 pig farms from the Northern, West Highlands and Humid Forest provinces, the main zones of pig production in Cameroon. On looking at the essential conditions to the success of this animal husbandry, the study identified the lack of technical knowledge, a sufficient feeding base and management objectives of the farmer, added to the absence of appropriate supervisory and marketing structures as the major constraints to the development of pig production in Cameroon. However, the problems of pathology, procurement of genetic material and financial resources as well as those relating to thefts or losses of animals, etc., depend upon management methods and farming techniques which still linked to the peasant way of life. The elimination of the above constraints cannot be possible without a real willpower on the part of the government and producers to resolutely engage in the development of pig husbandry by instituting adequate policy programs for defining and deciding on actions for improving pig production in Cameroon.
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