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ANALYSE OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE AGRICULTURAL FARMS BY SIZE AND THE SHARE OF THE LIVESTOCK AMONG THEM. AN ARGUMENT FOR MORE HELPING FOR THE SMALL FARMS

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Author(s): Liliana MIRON | Aurel LUP

Journal: Scientific Papers Series : Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
ISSN 2284-7995

Volume: 13;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 235;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: agriculture | distribution | farm size | livestock | performance

ABSTRACT
The paper analyse the structure of the agricultural farms by size especially the distribution and density of animals for each group of exploitation in order to establish the financiar system of supporting them. That because more than 70% from the small households are now unfinanced but more than 90% of cattles, sheeps, goats, horses are bred in the small farms. At present in Romanian agriculture there is a tendency to develop great and very great farms taking into account the advantages of the scale economy. Ar the other pole there are over than 3.8 million small exploitations unfinanced or economically nonsustenable. Paradoxically the small individual peasant exploitations are those wich are preserving Romania`s livestock (all of it that it left): 91.7% of the catlle, over 97% of the sheeps and goats, between 62 and 65% of the pigs and poultry.Taking account that almost all livestock of romanian agriculture is bred in the small farms and the density per 100 hectare in these farms is more than ten times greater than in the very big farms is necessary to help prioritarly the small farms in order to rise their income and performaces.
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