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Analysis of Mauritania’s legislative elections after the 2005 coup

Author(s): Raquel Ojeda García

Journal: Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
ISSN 1133-6595

Issue: 87;
Start page: 191;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Mauritania | elections | coup | political science | party system

This article presents a brief analysis of the contributions made by political science to the party systems and to the holding of elections in African countries. The aim is to apply theories on the electoral and party system in the Mauritanian elections held in November 2006, following the 2005 coup. The application of the Laakso and Taagapera formula to determine the effective number of parliamentary parties highlights the change taken place in Mauritania. Under the dictatorship of Ould Taya, the party system was by nature dominating and authoritarian. The 2006 elections, meanwhile, were notable for the fact that they were organised using a multi-party system. Meanwhile, the coup in August 2008 has highlighted the fact that this type of mathematical formula is not capable of covering the entire complex reality of Mauritania politics.
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