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Anatomical and Phytochemical Study of Lilium ledebourii (Baker) Boiss., a Rare Endemic Species in Iran

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Author(s): "Hassan Farsam | Massoud Amanlou | Gholamreza Amin | Gholamreza Nezamivand-Chegini | Mohammad-Hossain Salehi-Surmaghi | Abbas Shafiee"

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 11;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 164;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Lilium ledebourii | Anatomy | Phytochemistry | Esssential oil

ABSTRACT
Lilium ledebourii (Baker) Boiss.(Liliaceae), locally named “Susan -e Chelcheragh” is a native and rare species grown on the heights of Damash region (ca. 2100 m) in Gilan province, north part of Iran.The microscopic and anatomical features and the composition of oils of flower and corm of this unique plant were studied. The microscopic study has shown the main characteristic elements of leaf, stem, corm and flower of this plant. The composition of essential oils of flower and corm were determined by coupled GC-MS analysis. The yields of oils of flower and corm were 0.71 % and 1.65 % (v/w) respectively. The major components of flower’s oil were isopulegol (55.15 %), pentacosane (18.1%), 3-methyltricosane (9.97%), tricosane (5.35%), 2-methylpentacosane (4.35%), docosane (4.28%) and linalool oxide (2.20%). The components of corm’s oil were almost fatty acids. No aromatic volatile compound was found in the corm oil. Primary qualitative phytochemical tests of stem, leaf, corm and flower showed positive results for alkaloid and flavonoid (one plus) in stem and for saponin (4 plus) in corm and (2 plus) in the flower. Tests for tannin in all parts were negative. Further phytochemical and botanical studies on this unique plant is of importance.
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