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Antagonism by hemoglobin of effects induced by L-arginine in neuromuscular preparations from rats

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Author(s): Ambiel C.R. | Alves-Do-Prado Wilson

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
ISSN 0100-879X

Volume: 34;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 549;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: skeletal muscle | nitric oxide | tetanic fade | L-arginine | D-arginine | hemoglobin

ABSTRACT
Nitric oxide (NO)-synthase is present in diaphragm, phrenic nerve and vascular smooth muscle. It has been shown that the NO precursor L-arginine (L-Arg) at the presynaptic level increases the amplitude of muscular contraction (AMC) and induces tetanic fade when the muscle is indirectly stimulated at low and high frequencies, respectively. However, the precursor in muscle reduces AMC and maximal tetanic fade when the preparations are stimulated directly. In the present study the importance of NO synthesized in different tissues for the L-Arg-induced neuromuscular effects was investigated. Hemoglobin (50 nM) did not produce any neuromuscular effect, but antagonized the increase in AMC and tetanic fade induced by L-Arg (9.4 mM) in rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations. D-Arg (9.4 mM) did not produce any effect when preparations were stimulated indirectly at low or high frequency. Hemoglobin did not inhibit the decrease of AMC or the reduction in maximal tetanic tension induced by L-Arg in preparations previously paralyzed with d-tubocurarine and directly stimulated. Since only the presynaptic effects induced by L-Arg were antagonized by hemoglobin, the present results suggest that NO synthesized in muscle acts on nerve and skeletal muscle. Nevertheless, NO produced in nerve and vascular smooth muscle does not seem to act on skeletal muscle.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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