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Anthropological-medical aspects of feeding behavior of children in modern society

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Author(s): Adina Baciu

Journal: International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
ISSN 1840-4529

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 276;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Food | children | modern society

ABSTRACT
Background: The field of nutrition research have shown that an appropriate nutritional balance for eachprofessional occupation, age and environment in which the individual lives, is the ideal solution toprevent profound physiological changes.Aim & Objectives1. To understand the influence of the modern society on children physical development and diet.2. To analyse from a medical anthropology perspective, a serie of factors and actual tendecies whichled to a change in diet and consequently to the increase of the percetenge of overwight children.3. To promote a balanced and healthy diet and life style at an early age.4. To suggest recommendation.Methods/Study Design: The study was conducted in Bucharest in 2010 on a sample of 472 subjects (11-14 years old), through medical and anthropometric examination. Questionnaires with 32 items relating toeating habits were used. The results were processed using statistical methods and compared with thoseobtained in 1977 on a control group of 142 children from Bucharest. In the study only children from aschool with a standard schedule of 4-5 hours per day were included.Study Design: Cross-sectional prospective study.Consent: The study was conducted with parents' written consent, and the interviewed persons had theopportunity to withdraw at any time. Confidentiality respected Romanian and European legislation inforce. During the research no person has withdrawn from the study.Results/Findings: The percentage of children in the control group (34.55% male, 18.39% girls) who atemeat or sweets daily (32.73% male, 24.14% girls) was about equal, the difference being statisticallyinsignificant (p>0,05). The percentage of girls in the study group (29.66%) who ate meat every day is lessthan those who ate sweets daily (42.97%), the difference being statistically significant (p0.05). The percentage of children who do have dinner in thestudy group (4.31% male, 6.84% girls) and in the control group (10.91% boys, 9.20% girls) is lower thanthose who do not eat anything in the morning (9.09% male, 15.59% girls-the study group and 18.18%boys, 13.79% girls-control group) and at noon (boys 5.26%, 8.75% girls-group study and 20.00% boys,17.24% girls-control group), with a statistically significant difference (p

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