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ANTI-CARIOGENIC EFFECTS OF POLYPHENOL PLANT PRODUCTS-A REVIEW

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Author(s): Parashar Kshitiz | Zaidka Shipra | Somani Rani | S. Jayanti

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 736;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Grapes | Tea | Cocoa | Coffee | S. mutans | Dental caries | Polyphenols.

ABSTRACT
Polyphenols occurring in Grape seeds, cocoa, coffee and tea can have a role in the prevention of cariogenic processes, due to their antibacterial action. Cocoa polyphenol pentamers significantly reduce biofilm formation and acid production by Streptococcus mutans and S. sanguinis. In the same way, trigonelline, caffeine and chlorogenic acid occurring in green and roasted coffee interfere with S. mutans adsorption to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads. Studies carried out on green oolong tea and black tea indicate that tea polyphenols exert an anti-caries effect via an anti- microbial mode-of-action, and galloyl esters of epicatechin, epigallocatechin and gallocatechin showed increasing antibacterial activities. The anti-cariogenic effects against streptococci showed by polyphenols from cocoa, coffee, and tea suggest further studies to a possible application of these beverages in the prevention of pathogenesis of dental caries.
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