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Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Ammi visnaga L. (Apiaceae) from Constantine, Algeria

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Author(s): A. KHALFALLAH | A. LABED | Z. SEMRA | B. AI KAKI | A. KABOUCHE | R. TOUZANI | Z. KABOUCHE

Journal: International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
ISSN 2249-4340

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 302;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Ammi visnaga L. | Apiaceae | essential oil | antibacterial

ABSTRACT
The essential oil of fresh aerial part of Ammi visnaga L. (Apiaceae), obtained by hydrodistillation, in a Clevenger-type apparatus, was GC/MS analyzed. Twenty one compounds were characterized representing 97.3% of the essential with isobutyl isobutyrate (14.0 %), linalool (12.1%), 2,2-dimethylbutanoic acid (30.1%), thymol (6.0%), bornyl acetate (7.3%) and croweacin (12.2%) as the major components. The essential oil exhibited the best antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains.
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