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Antibacterial activity of medicinal plants against pathogens causing complicated urinary tract infections

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Author(s): Sharma Anjana | Chandraker S | Patel V | Ramteke Padmini

Journal: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 0250-474X

Volume: 71;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 136;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Urinary tract infection (UTI) | multidrug resistant | antibacterial activity | Indian medicinal plants

ABSTRACT
Seventeen Indian folklore medicinal plants were investigated to evaluate antibacterial activity of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts against 66 multidrug resistant isolates of major urinary tract pathogens ( Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis ) by disc diffusion method. Ethanol extract of Zingiber officinale and Punica granatum showed strong antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. Ethanol extracts of Terminalia chebula and Ocimum sanctum exhibited antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae . Ethanol extract of Cinnamomum cassia showed maximum antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa while ethanol extract of Azadirachta indica and Ocimum sanctum exhibited antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis . The results support the folkloric use of these plants in the treatment of urinary tract infections by the tribals of Mahakoshal region of central India.
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