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Antibacterial and antifungal activity of fruit bodies of Phellinus mushroom extract

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Author(s): Ramalingam Balakumar, Elumalai Sivaprakasam, Devendiran Kavitha, Sekaran Sridhar * , Jebamalai Suresh Kumar

Journal: International Journal of Biosciences
ISSN 2220-6655

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 72;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Phellinus | antifungal | antibacterial | fruit bodies | methanol extract.

ABSTRACT
The present study was carried out to evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanol and aqueous extract of fruit bodies from Phellinus on selected five bacterial pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans and five fungal strains Penicillium sps., Aspergillus fumigatous, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Mucor indicus. For antimicrobial test, well diffusion technique was used and the zone of inhibition of microorganisms was measured in mm. The fruit body of Phellinus showed potential antimicrobial activities against the selected strains and maximum inhibition zone 42mm was recorded from 200mg of aqueous extract of Phellinus fruit body against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and minimum (5mm) by the above pathogen at 50 mg of methanol extract. The methanolic extract showed the maximum antifungal activity 35mm inhibition zone was recorded from 200mg of extract against Aspergillus flavus and minimum 3mm by 50 mg of extract against Penicillium sp.

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