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Antimicrobial activity, nutritional profile and phytochemical screening of wild edible fruit of Rubus ellipticus

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Author(s): Sarla SAKLANI | Subhash CHANDRA | P.P. BADONI | Sandhya DOGRA

Journal: International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
ISSN 2249-4340

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 269;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Nutritional value | Antibacterial | Antifungal | Phytochemical screening

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed at evaluating the nutritional profile, antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of wild edible fruits of Rubus ellipticus. The fruits have been found to rich in nutrients such as crude protein, carbohydrates, crude fiber, ash content 3.68%, 27.12%, 2.35%, and 1.30 % and also minerals as calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus 0.95, 5.60, 1.82 and 0.20 mg/100gm respectively. The ethanolic fruit extracts of Rubus ellipticus showed significant activity 16±1mm, 15±1mm and 15±1mm against Escherichia coli (MTCC 729), Streptococcus pyogenes (MTCC 1925) and Escherichia coli (MTCC 443) against food poisoning bacteria, and phytochemical screening for the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, phenols, resin and tannins. However, alkaloids were absent. This analysis revealed that, the fruits contained higher value of fat, protein, fiber and minerals as compared to the cultivated fruits with apple and 200 gm fruits contain sufficient amount of nutrients, required per day by a person. Consumption of fruits may promote general health and well-being as well as reduce the risk of chronic diseases. These findings confirm that the Rubus ellipticus may be potential source for the formulation of nutraceuticals or natural foods.
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