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The antioxidant activity of kombucha fermented milk products with stinging nettle and winter savory

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Author(s): Vitas Jasmina S. | Malbaša Radomir V. | Grahovac Jovana A. | Lončar Eva S.

Journal: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
ISSN 1451-9372

Volume: 19;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 129;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: kombucha | fermented milk products | antioxidant activity | stinging nettle | winter savory

ABSTRACT
This paper investigates the antioxidant activity of fermented milk products obtained by kombucha fermentation. Two starter cultures were used as follows: starter obtained after kombucha fermentation on sweetened stinging nettle extract; as well as starter obtained after kombucha fermentation on sweetened winter savory extract. The starters were added to milk with 0.8, 1.6 and 2.8% milk fat. Fermentation was carried out at 37, 40 and 43oC and stopped when the pH reached 4.5. Antioxidant activity to hydroxyl and DPPH radicals was monitored using response surface methodology. Kombucha fermented milk products with stinging nettle (KSN) and with winter savory (KWS) showed the same antioxidant response to hydroxyl and different response to DPPH radicals. Synergetic effect of milk fat and fermentation temperature to antioxidant activity to hydroxyl radicals for both types of kombucha fermented milk products (KSN and KWS) was established. Optimum processing conditions in term of antioxidant activity are: milk fat around 2.8% and process temperature around 41 and 43°C for KSN and KWS respectively.
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