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Application of Delphi Method for Criteria Selection in Site Survey of Oil Jetties in Iran

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Author(s): Mansoureh Hasanzadeh | Afshin Danehkar | Ali Pak

Journal: Environment and Natural Resources Research
ISSN 1927-0488

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Oil jetties are known as the most serious threat for coastal environments in recent decades. This refers to the high volume of oil products transmitted to these terminals. Hence, an environmental site selection for them can play a critical role in preventing destructive effects of this type of jetties in coastal regions. The purpose of this study is to identify, select, and prioritize the environmental and technical criteria for site evaluation in Iran using Delphi method for the first time. The results show that “Sensitive Coastal Area” is the criteria with the greatest percentage of importance. After that “Depth”, “Marine Meteorology”, and “Possibility of Bigger Ships Berthing” are identified as the most, while “Land Value” and “Distance to Development Foundations” are the least important criteria. On the other hand, “Distance to Habitat Area”, “Threat for Locals” and “Human Population Density” are given the least percentage of usage among others. Then the “ecologic” criteria can be introduced as the most and “Social” one as the least crucial criteria in oil jetties’ site survey, and the suggested linear model can be used as a simple tool for criteria selection of oil jetties. All the results reveal the high efficiency of Delphi method for criteria selection of site survey for oil jetties.
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