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APPLICATION OF ION-ASSOCIATION TITRATION FOR THE ASSAY OF BUPROPION HYDROCHLORIDE IN PHARMACEUTICALS

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Author(s): Sameer A.M. Abdulrahman | Kanakapura Basavaiah

Journal: Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
ISSN 1451-9372

Volume: 17;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 299;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: bupropion hydrochloride | ion-association titration | dimethyl yellow | tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester | pharmaceuticals.

ABSTRACT
Two simple and rapid titrimetric methods are described for the determination of bupropion hydrochloride (BUPH) in pharmaceuticals. The proposed methods are based on the solvent extraction-titration of BUPH with two ion-association reagents, i.e., sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and tetraphenylborate (TPB). In method A, SLS was used as titrant and the titration was carried out in the presence of dilute sulphuric acid and chloroform using dimethyl yellow as indicator whereas in method B, the titrant was TPB and the titration was done in borate-phosphate buffer of pH 6.0 and 1,2-dichloroethane with tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester (TBPE) as indicator. In the two-phase titrations, the proposed procedures give sharp end points as the color of the organic phase changes from yellow to pink in method A and from red-violet to yellow in method B. The methods are applicable over the ranges of 1.0-20.0 and 3.0-10.0 mg of BUPH for methods A and B, respectively. The accuracy and precision of the methods are good. The methods were applied successfully to the determination of BUPH in tablets and the results were in agreement with the label claim and those of the comparison method
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