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Applications of Diatoms as Potential Microalgae in Nanobiotechnology

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Author(s): Ali Akbar Jamali | Fariba Akbari | Mohamad Moradi Ghorakhlu | Miguel de la Guardia | Ahmad Yari Khosroushahi

Journal: BioImpacts
ISSN 2228-5652

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 83;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Diatoms | Bioindicators | Biosynthesis | Bioremediation | Biomineralization

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Diatoms are single cell eukaryotic microalgae, which present in nearly every water habitat make them ideal tools for a wide range of applications such as oil explora­tion, forensic examination, environmental indication, biosilica pattern generation, toxicity testing and eutrophication of aqueous ecosystems. Methods: Essential information on diatoms were reviewed and discussed towards impacts of diatoms on biosynthesis and bioremediation. Results: In this review, we present the recent progress in this century on the application of diatoms in waste degradation, synthesis of biomaterial, biomineraliza­tion, toxicity and toxic effects of mineral elements evaluations. Conclusion: Diatoms can be considered as metal toxicity bioindicators and they can be applied for biomineralization, synthesis of biomaterials, and degradation of wastes.
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