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Applications of Microwave in Organic Synthesis: An Improved One-step Synthesis of Metallophthalocyanines and a New Modified Microwave Oven for Dry Reactions

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Author(s): Didier Villemin | Mohamed Hammadi | Messaoud Hachemi | Nathalie Bar

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 6;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 831;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: Phthalocyanine | microwave | complexes

ABSTRACT
Metallophthalocyanine complexes are obtained quickly and efficiently by the reaction of phthalodinitrile with hydrated metallic salts without solvent and under microwave irradiation. The use of a modified commercial microwave oven to perform this type of reactions under dry conditions is described. Metallophthalocyanines and metallododecachlorophthalocyanines of some divalent metals can be also obtained from phthalic or tetrachlorophthalic anhydrides with hydrated metallic salt and urea under microwave irradiation and without solvent.
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