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Applying Geographic Information System (GIS) for Maintenance Strategy Selection

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Author(s): Dua’a Abd Al-Razzaq Falih | Asma Thamir Ibraheem

Journal: Advances in Molecular Imaging
ISSN 2161-6728

Volume: 04;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 44;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Highways | GIS | Maintenance | Pavement | PMMS | PMS | Roadway | Spatial Data | Transportation

ABSTRACT
Spatial technologies, such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), are particularly appropriate for integrating road- way data and enhancing the use and presentation of these data for highway management and operation by using spatial relationships to relate geographic and geometric objects and events. To different degrees, roadway management problems, such as pavement management, involve relations between objects and events located in different spatial positions. Because the data used in the decision-making process have spatial components, the use of spatial technologies emerges as a very appealing alternative. Spatial technologies may enhance the analysis of several transportation-related issues and may improve the quality of the decision-making process. This paper built a GIS based system that provides information for use as a platform on which all aspects of the Pavement Maintenance and Management System (PMMS) process can be built. The resulting system, GPMMS, represents a significant enhancement of all aspects of the PMMS process. A variety of spatially integrated data are important to pavement management decision making. GIS technology is shown to be the most logical way of relating these diverse, but relevant, data. In this paper, 23 sections is selected along the roadways of Nahrain University and all these sections are distresses due to different causes like weathering, ageing, traffic load, and also the bad maintenance, etc. The PSI of these sections in the range between 1 to 4, and most of these sections in the low range (between 1 to 2). That cause of need to future developments including other elements of a road maintenance management system should be considered. Completion of the whole roads database with all the types of surveys recorded i.e. all distresses, construction and maintenance history and so on.
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