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Ţara Moţilor – a Regional Term between Economic and Ecological Interests. Some Explorations in the Romanian Periphery

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Author(s): CHRISTOPH WAACK | CHRISTOPH WAACK

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: I;
Issue: 1-2;
Start page: 19;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: Ţara Moţilor | Gold mining | Economic interests | Ecological interests

ABSTRACT
The term “Ţara Moţilor” is very frequently used in the context of the planned gold mining project in Roşia Montană. The term is as well used in an economic and ecologic way and it is used by those who support the project as well as by its critics. There are a lot of articles in Romanian newspapers and brochures of the last three years combining the gold mining project and the Ţara Moţilor topic. It will be analyzed in what different contexts the geographical term is used and the spatial image of Ţara Moţilor that is produced in the respective context. Starting with a look into the history of instrumentality of the region it is obvious that there exists a long tradition in using this term for a strong mentality of people who defend their freedom. In an actual context the every day communication of the local population is reproducing this stereotype. The results of a questionnaire shows that the stereotypes used by developer and opponents of the gold mining project met with a strong response. By this way the production and reproduction of a spatial image called “Ţara Moţilor“ can be used successfully for the interests of the actors of both sides. But there exists a geographical differentiation on a small scale between mining and silvicultural areas. This paper focuses on the term “Ţara Moţilor” which is very frequently used when reference is made to the planned gold mining project in Roşia Montană. The term is also used in economic and ecologic studies and it is used by those who support the project as well as by its critics. There are many articles in Romanian newspapers and brochures of the last three years, which tackle both the gold mining project and the Ţara Moţilor topic. Journalists and the public seem to be interested in this matter. I have relied on those arguments which are against the project, as pointed out in Formula AS and on a brochure published in 2002 with the sponsorship of the gold mining company involved in the project. We shall analyze the different contexts where the geographical term is used and the spatial image of Ţara Moţilor produced in the respective context.
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