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Assessing the effects of the São Paulo's metropolitan beltway on residential land prices

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Author(s): Vladimir Fernandes Maciel | Ciro Biderman

Journal: Journal of Transport Literature
ISSN 2238-1031

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 373;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: highway impact | hedonic prices | land outcomes | difference-in-difference | São Paulo beltway

ABSTRACT
This paper estimates the effect of highways on land prices using the implementation of the west branch of a large beltway around Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area. This is a unique opportunity since the beltway is being implemented by branches. So, it is possible to use the zones surrounding the branches where construction has actually started as a treatment group to be compared with zones surrounding branches for which construction has not started yet. Since we have a proxy for land price data before and after construction, it is possible to estimate the impact by difference-in-difference. The evidence is that there are significant and asymmetrical effects caused by the highway construction. Parcels located close to ramps outbound of the track observed an increase in price faster than similar zones close to other (planned) branches. For parcels located inbound of the beltway, relatively far from the track (between 2.5 km and 5 km), the effects of construction and delivery/operation faced a (relative) decline in land prices. These results have consequences for transportation finance; betterment levies and value capture taxes; and welfare.
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