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Assessing Respondent Driven Sampling for Network Studies in Ethnographic Contexts

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Author(s): Kirk Dombrowski | Bilal Khan | Joshua Moses | Emily Channell | Evan Misshula

Journal: Advances in Anthropology
ISSN 2163-9353

Volume: 03;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Respondent Driven Sampling | Labrador Inuit | Ethnographic Methods | Network Sampling | Arctic Social Science

ABSTRACT
Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) is generally considered a methodology for recruiting “hard-to-reach” populations for social science research. More recently, Wejnert has argued that RDS analysis can be used for general social network analysis as well (where he labels it, RDS-SN). In this article, we assess the value of Wejnert’s RDS-SN for use in more traditional ethnographic contexts. We employed RDS as part of a larger social network research project to recruit n 330 community residents (over 17 years of age) in Nain, a predominantly (92%) aboriginal community in northern Labrador, Canada, for social network interviews about food sharing, housing, public health, and community traditions. The peer referral chains resulted in a sample that was then analyzed for its representativeness by two means—a comparison with the Statistics Canada 2006 Census of the same community, and with house-by-house demographic surveys carried out in the community as part of our research. The results show a close fit with available community statistics and our own survey. As such, we argue that the RDS sampling used in Nain was able to provide a useful and near-representative sample of the community. To demonstrate the usefulness of the results, the referral chains are also analyzed here for patterns in intragroup and intergroup relationships that were apparent only in the aggregate.
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