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Assessment of quality of life of Iranian nurses

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Author(s): Maryam Aala | Mahnaz Sanjari | Ali Tootee | Ghazanfar Mirzabeigi | Sedighe Salemi

Journal: Nursing Reports
ISSN 2039-439X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: quality of life | nurse | nursing profession | professional characteristics.

ABSTRACT
IntroductionNurses’ Quality Of Life (QOL) may be affected by many different factors which can in turn influence their competency in their job. The aim of this study is to assess the QOL of Iranian nurses to provide evidence for policy makers to take necessary strides needed to make improvements.Materials and methodsUsing a cross-sectional study design, we evaluated the QOL of Iranian nurses by the assessment of four indicators, namely, physical health, psychological health, social health and environmental health. A total number of 850 nurses from 17 different provinces of Iran were recruited by random sampling. They were requested to complete the WHO QOL-BREF questionnaire. The data were then analyzed using the SPSS version 16.ResultsThe results indicated that half of the nurses scored in the moderate range, suggesting that they had a reasonably good QOL. They scored considerably high in terms of physical health indicators and achieved significantly low scores regarding environmental health issues. Although the chi-square test did not show any significant association between the QOL indicators and different factors such as work experience, gender, job position and patients group. We found a significant association between the subject's position at work in hospitals shift pattern and their overall QOL score.ConclusionsThe results of our study showed that more half of the nurses evaluated their QOL at a moderate level. The results from this study can be used by policy makers to contribute to the improvement of the QOL of nurses which may lead to the enhancement of the quality of care they deliver to their patients. It seems imperative to conduct future research encompassing a group of nurses from the whole country, so that a more representative cohort can be studied. It would also pave the way for the establishment of a QOL database for nurses in Iran that could monitor changes in the nursing population
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