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Association between Diabetic Retinopathy and Left VentricularDysfunction in Diabetic Patients with Unstable Angina

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Author(s): Ebadollah Heidari | Sanaz Nematzadeh Pakdel | Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah | Rasoul Azarfarin | Kamran Shadvar

Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
ISSN 2008-5117

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 113;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Unstable Angina | Diabetic Retinopathy | Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with serious complications including macro- and microvascular problems such as diabetic retinopathy. Coronary involvement in diabetic patients is believed to be a consequence of microvascular complications. However, the available data are inconclusive and scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the probable association between diabetic retinopathy and left ventricular dysfunction in diabetic patients with unstable angina (UA). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 diabetic patients with UA (100 cases with diabetic retinopathy and 100 cases without diabetic retinopathy) were enrolled in a teaching hospital. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) as well as the frequency of cases with left ventricular dysfunction (LVEF
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