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Association between Efficacy of Self-Management to Prevent Recurrences of Depression and Actual Episodes of Recurrence: A Preliminary Study

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Author(s): Mayuko Yamashita | Hitoshi Okamura

Journal: International Journal of Psychological Studies
ISSN 1918-7211

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between efficacy of self-management to preventrecurrences in patients with depression, and actual episodes of recurrence. We divided 110 patients withdepression into a non-recurrence group (n = 60) and a recurrence group (n = 50), and compared the two groupsin regard to socio-demographic and medical variables, scores on the scale for the efficacy of self-management toprevent recurrences of depression, and scores on the Beck’s Depression Inventory. The factors associated withepisodes of actual recurrence were tested with the logistic regression analysis, and the efficacy ofself-management to prevent recurrences of depression was extracted as a factor independently associated withrecurrence. The results suggested a statistically significant association between depression recurrence andefficacy of self-management to prevent recurrences of depression. However, the results were inconclusivebecause of the retrospective, case-control study design.
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